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(Re)generate: (find-eepitch-intro) Source code: (find-eev "eev-intro.el" "find-eepitch-intro") More intros: (find-eev-quick-intro) (find-eval-intro) (find-wrap-intro) This buffer is _temporary_ and _editable_. Is is meant as both a tutorial (for eepitch) and a sandbox. For an introduction to the ideas here, see: (find-eev-quick-intro "6. Controlling shell-like programs") The motivation for eepitch: taking notes and redoing ==================================================== Suppose that we have to do some reasonably complex task using a shell, and that we want to take notes of what we do because we might have to do something similar later. The two usual ways to interact with a shell are: 1) through a _script_, that is, by preparing in advance all commands to be executed, putting them in a script file, and then running that file, 2) _interactively_, by typing the commands one by one on a shell prompt. Suppose that we have to discover which commands to run as we go; that rules out preparing a script beforehand, so we need to use the shell interactively. After issuing the right commands, the two usual ways to retrieve what we did are: a) through the _shell history_, which records the last commands that the shell received, b) by looking at the full _transcript_ of our interaction with the shell. The way (a) gets a list of commands, without comments, that can be then saved into a text editor; the way (b) may require some tricky editing to isolate the commands from their outputs. Eepitch.el implements a simple alternative way of interacting with shells (and other shell-like programs) while keeping notes. It has only one essential key binding, <F8>, which is better explained through the executable example in the next section, and two unessential features, `M-T' and "*", which will be explained later. The main key: <F8> ================== Emacs can run a shell in a buffer, and it can split its frame into windows, like this: ___________________ | | | | our | a | | notes | shell | | | buffer | |_________|_________| The usual way to use a shell buffer is to move the cursor there and type commands into its prompt; the eepitch-y way is to leave the cursor at the "notes" buffer, write the commands for the shell there, and send these commands to the shell with <F8>. Here's what <F8> does: When we type <F8> on a line that starts with a red star ("*"), it executes the rest of the line as Lisp, and moves down; when we type <F8> on a line that does not start with a "*", it makes sure that the "target buffer" is being displayed (the "target" is usually the buffer called "*shell*"), it "send"s the current line to the target buffer, and moves down. "Sending the current line to the target buffer" means copying the contents of the current line to the target - as if the user had typed that line there by hand -, then "typing" a <RET> at the target buffet. Please try that in the example after this paragraph, by typing <F8> six times starting at the first line that says "* (eepitch-shell)". The three red star lines at the top will create a target buffer, destroy it, and create it again; the other three lines will send commands to the target shell. * (eepitch-shell) * (eepitch-kill) * (eepitch-shell) echo "We are at: $PWD" cd /tmp/ echo "We changed to: $(pwd)" Other targets ============= Just like `(eepitch-shell)' creates a shell buffer and sets the eepitch target to it, `(eepitch-python)' creates a buffer with a Python interpreter and uses it as the eepitch target. Try: * (eepitch-python) * (eepitch-kill) * (eepitch-python) def square (x): return x*x print(square(5)) We can use several targets at the time, alternating between them. For example: * (eepitch-shell) * (eepitch-kill) * (eepitch-shell) echo Hello... > /tmp/o * (eepitch-python) * (eepitch-kill) * (eepitch-python) print(open("/tmp/o").read()) * (eepitch-shell) echo ...and bye >> /tmp/o * (eepitch-python) print(open("/tmp/o").read()) There is a (much) more advanced example of working with several targets here: (find-prepared-intro "An `ee' for Python") More on eepitch-kill ==================== Note that `(eepitch-kill)' kills the _current_ target, that may or may not be a shell buffer, a Python interaction buffer, etc... That explains the first line in blocks like: * (eepitch-python) * (eepitch-kill) * (eepitch-python) and: * (eepitch-shell) * (eepitch-kill) * (eepitch-shell) by running the first `(eepitch-python)' we can be sure that the following `(eepitch-kill)' will kill the Python buffer, not the shell buffer! And the last `(eepitch-python)' in the block of three lines will then create a new Python interaction buffer, erasing all definitions done in previous sessions. Creating eepitch blocks: `M-T' ============================== Write just "shell" or "python" in a line, then type `M-T' (i.e., meta-shift-t) there. The line will be turned into three - an "* (eepitch-xxx)", an "* (eepitch-kill)", and an "* (eepitch-xxx)". We call these blocks of three lines "eepitch blocks". Try this below, converting the "shell" into an eepitch block for starting a shell. shell pwd cd /tmp/ pwd Red stars ========= Eepitch.el sets the glyph for the char 15 to a red star in the standard display table. In layman's terms: eepitch.el tells Emacs that the character 15 should be displayed as a red star. The character 15 corresponds to control-O, whose default representation on screen would be "^O". You can enter a literal ^O in a buffer by typing `C-q C-o'. For more information ==================== On hyperlinks: (find-eval-intro) On keys similar to `M-T': (find-wrap-intro) An older text about eepitch: (find-eev "eepitch.readme") (find-eev "eepitch.readme" "the-trivial-case") (find-eev "eepitch.readme" "red-stars") (find-eev "eepitch.readme" "eepitch-blocks") (find-eev "eepitch.readme" "eepitch-blocks") Many functions like `eepitch-shell': (find-efunction 'eepitch-bash) What functions can generate target buffers: (find-eevfile "eepitch.el" "shell-like sexp") (find-efunction 'eepitch)