Warning: this is an htmlized version!
The original is across this link,
and the conversion rules are here.
(Re)generate: (find-psne-intro)
Source code:  (find-eev "eev-intro.el" "find-psne-intro")
More intros:  (find-eval-intro)
This buffer is _temporary_ and _editable_.
Is is meant as both a tutorial and a sandbox.

Local copies of files from the internet
Emacs knows how to fetch files from the internet, but for most
purposes it is better to use local copies. Suppose that the
environment variable $S is set to ~/snarf/; then running this

* (eepitch-shell)
* (eepitch-kill)
* (eepitch-shell)
  mkdir -p $S/http/www.gnu.org/software/emacs/
  cd       $S/http/www.gnu.org/software/emacs/
  wget      http://www.gnu.org/software/emacs/emacs-paper.html
  echo     'http://www.gnu.org/software/emacs/emacs-paper.html' >> ~/.psne.log

  # (find-fline "$S/http/www.gnu.org/software/emacs/emacs-paper.html")
  # (find-w3m   "$S/http/www.gnu.org/software/emacs/emacs-paper.html")

creates a local copy of `emacs-paper.html' inside ~/snarf/http/
and appends the URL to the file ~/.psne.log. The two lines in
comments are hyperlinks to the local copy; The `find-fline' opens
it as a file in the obvious way, and `find-w3m' opens it "as
HTML", using a text-mode web browser called w3m that can be run
either in standalone mode or inside Emacs; `find-w3m' uses w3m's
Emacs interface, and it accepts extra arguments, which are
treated as a pos-spec-list.

The old way: psne
A long time ago eev used to include a shell function called
`psne' that ran all that with a single command. This:

  psne http://www.gnu.org/software/emacs/emacs-paper.html

would run the `mkdir', the `cd', the `wget' and the `echo' above.

If psne were just a shell script then it wouldn't be able to
change the current directory for the calling shell, so it had to
be defined as shell function instead of a script, and the user
had to patch his ~/.bashrc (or ~/.zshrc, or whatever) to install
the definition for psne and make it available. That was VERY

From now on we will use "psne" as a verb: to psne a URL means
to download a local copy of it into the right place, change to
its directory and save its name into the file "~/.psne.log".

The new way: M-x brep
Try to run this:

  (find-psne-links "http://www.gnu.org/software/emacs/emacs-paper.html")

or, equivalently, put the point on the URL below and then run
`M-x brep':


You will get a temporary buffer for psne-ing the URL above. It
will contain a `mkdir', a `cd', a `wget' and an `echo', plus an
eepitch block and some elisp hyperlinks, and it can be executed
with `F8's. Moral of the story: the "new" way to download a
local copy of a url is to put the point on it, then run `M-x
brep', then execute the resulting e-script. This does not require
any patching of rcfiles, as the shell-function version of `psne'
used to do.

The environment variable $S
If when eev is loaded by Emacs the environment variable $S is
unset, it will be set to a default value - namely, to the
expansion of "$HOME/snarf". Processes started from Emacs, such
as shells created with `eepitch-shell' or `find-sh', or external
terminals created by sexps like

  (find-bgprocess "xterm")
  (find-bgprocess "gnome-terminal")
  (find-bgprocess "eterm")

will then inherit that value. Try it:

  (getenv "S")
  (find-sh0 "echo $S")

* (eepitch-shell)
* (eepitch-kill)
* (eepitch-shell)
echo $S

Try also to create an external shell not from Emacs - for
example, from your window manager's list of available
applications, or from a text-mode login - and run "echo $S"
there: you will notice that $S is unset.

Old versions of eev used to require the user to run a script that
would patch his rcfiles (i.e., ~/.bashrc, ~/.zshrc, etc) to set
$S on startup. That turned out to be unreliable - it was better
to teach people how to distinguish those processes that inherit
$S from Emacs from those that don't, and let the experts patch
their rcfiles by hand.

`browse-url' and friends
If you place the point on the URL below


and run `M-x browse-url', Emacs will make an external browser
visit the remote version of that URL. One (bad) way to visit the
local copy of that URL is to modify the URL above by hand to
adjust it to your value of $S, until you obtain something like


and then run `M-x browse-url' on it.

One - rather primitive - way of visiting the local copy of that
URL with find-file is to modify the URL by hand, replacing its
"http://" with n "$S/http/", and then visit that file. For

  (find-fline "$S/http/www.gnu.org/software/emacs/emacs-paper.html")

If you put the point on the URL and run `M-x brfl' on it you will
visit the local copy "as a file", with `find-file' /
`find-fline'. Visiting URLs - or their local copies - is
something that we do so frequently that we need ways to do that
with few keystrokes, which is why `brfl' has a short - and
cryptic - name. The conventions are:

  "br" is the common prefix for all the browse-url-like
       functions in eev,
  "f"  means to use `find-fline' (or, equivalently, `find-file'),
  "l"  is an optional suffix meaning to use the local copy.

The details on how to create these "brxxx functions" are here: