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LuaTeX and LuaLaTeX stuff (Eduardo Ochs)

Quick index:


1. Dednat6

Almost all of my recent .tex files invoke a "semi-preprocessor" that I wrote, called Dednat6, to let me typeset diagrams easily. Its homepage is here: dednat6.html, its files are here: LATEX/dednat6/, and most tarballs in this page include a full copy of dednat6 because they were created with flsfiles and they have dednat6 among their dependencies. Note that a "full copy" of dednat6 includes "bloat" like the modules that I use to typeset papers like these and the repl described in the next section.


2. Using LuaRepl on luatex/lualatex

I integrated Rob Hoelz's lua-repl into dednat6 to let me test things in lualatex using a Lua prompt and eepitch. To test the repl, run:

# rm -rfv /tmp/2018repl-test.tgz
# rm -rfv /tmp/edrx-latex/
cd /tmp/
wget http://angg.twu.net/LATEX/2018repl-test.tgz
mkdir  /tmp/edrx-latex/
tar -C /tmp/edrx-latex/ -xvzf /tmp/2018repl-test.tgz
cd     /tmp/edrx-latex/
lualatex 2018repl-test.tex

Uncomment the first two lines to re-run the code erasing everything that was created the first time. The file 2018repl-test.tgz was created with flsfiles and includes a full version of dednat6 (with bloat). If you want to take a look at the file 2018repl-test.tex see here for an htmlized version and here for the raw .tex.

...And please do get in touch with me - I'm eduardoochs@gmail.com - to discuss new features that would make this easier to use!!! I always use this repl from Emacs and eev with eepitch - see section 6 here - so I need very few features from the repl myself.

Note that you can get a very minimalistic Lua repl by just running this from LuaTeX, either from a .tex file or from the TeX prompt:

\directlua{debug.debug()}

I used this technique a bit years ago - see the link to "lua-repl-2012" below - but I was a bit frustrated, I don't remember exactly why.


Old news:

THe best way to explain the repl would be with a screencast - that I haven't been able to produce yet because of a glitch in X, so no screencasts yet! =(

# Some links:
# (find-es "luatex" "lua-repl-2012")
# (find-es "lua5"   "luarepl-2016")
# (find-angg "LATEX/2017repl-test-1.tex")
# (find-angg "LATEX/2018repl-test.tex")
# (find-es "ffmpeg" "x11grab-problem-erasal")
# (find-angg "LATEX/dednat6/luarepl.lua")


3. Flsfiles: a way to pack multi-file .tex files

Most of my .tex files start with a header like this,

% (defun c () (interactive) (find-LATEXsh "lualatex -record 2017planar-has.tex"))
% (defun d () (interactive) (find-xpdfpage "~/LATEX/2017planar-has.pdf"))
% (defun e () (interactive) (find-LATEX "2017planar-has.tex"))
% (defun u () (interactive) (find-latex-upload-links "2017planar-has"))

so that I can get an e-script like this one by typing 'M-x u',

* (eepitch-shell)
* (eepitch-kill)
* (eepitch-shell)
# Upload pdf
cd ~/LATEX/
Scp-np 2017planar-has.pdf $TWUP/LATEX/2017planar-has.pdf
Scp-np 2017planar-has.pdf $TWUS/LATEX/2017planar-has.pdf
# Test the pdf (open the urls in a browser):
# (find-xpdfpage   "~/LATEX/2017planar-has.pdf")
# http://angg.twu.net/LATEX/2017planar-has.pdf
#   file:///home/edrx/LATEX/2017planar-has.pdf

# Make .tgz and upload it
flsfiles-tgz 2017planar-has.fls 2017planar-has.tgz
Scp-np 2017planar-has.tgz $TWUP/LATEX/2017planar-has.tgz
Scp-np 2017planar-has.tgz $TWUS/LATEX/2017planar-has.tgz
# http://angg.twu.net/LATEX/2017planar-has.tgz

# Make .zip and upload it
flsfiles-zip 2017planar-has.fls 2017planar-has.zip
Scp-np 2017planar-has.zip $TWUP/LATEX/2017planar-has.zip
Scp-np 2017planar-has.zip $TWUS/LATEX/2017planar-has.zip
# http://angg.twu.net/LATEX/2017planar-has.zip

# Test the .tgz.
# The e-script below downloads, unpacks and compiles the .tgz in /tmp/edrx-latex/.
#
rm -rfv /tmp/2017planar-has.tgz
rm -rfv /tmp/edrx-latex/
cd /tmp/
wget http://angg.twu.net/LATEX/2017planar-has.tgz
mkdir  /tmp/edrx-latex/
tar -C /tmp/edrx-latex/ -xvzf /tmp/2017planar-has.tgz
cd     /tmp/edrx-latex/
lualatex 2017planar-has.tex

# Test the .zip.
# The e-script below downloads, unpacks and compiles the .tgz in /tmp/edrx-latex/.
#
rm -rfv /tmp/2017planar-has.zip
rm -rfv /tmp/edrx-latex/
cd /tmp/
wget http://angg.twu.net/LATEX/2017planar-has.zip
mkdir    /tmp/edrx-latex/
unzip -d /tmp/edrx-latex/ /tmp/2017planar-has.zip
cd       /tmp/edrx-latex/
lualatex 2017planar-has.tex

The really non-trivial parts are the ones that call flsfiles-tgz and flsfiles-zip.

When I type 'M-x c' emacs runs lualatex -record 2017planar-has.tex, and the '-record' option makes lualatex generate a .fls file that lists all files that lualatex has read; the Lua script flsfiles.lua processes that, and outputs the files that are in current directory or in its subdirectories (to exclude the files from the global installation), without repetitions.

Here are the definitions of flsfiles-tgz and flsfiles-zip:

# From: (find-angg ".zshrc" "flsfiles")
# See:  (find-angg "LUA/flsfiles.lua")
function flsfiles     () { ~/LUA/flsfiles.lua $1 | grep -v "^/" }
function flsfiles-tgz () { tar -chvzf "$2" $(flsfiles $1) }
function flsfiles-zip () { rm -fv "$2"; zip "$2" $(flsfiles $1) }

In lua(la)tex 0.76 the '-record' option does not list .lua files, so the above does not work. In lua(la)tex 0.79 and beyond it works, so I have to install a newer luatex on top of my Debian system...


4. Installing a recent luatex on Debian

(2017apr16)

My e-mail to the mailing list about this is here.

This downloads and builds luatex-0.95.0:

# From: (find-es "luatex" "luatex-0.95.0")

rm -Rv ~/usrc/luatex/
mkdir  ~/usrc/luatex/
cd     ~/usrc/luatex/
tar -xJvf $S/https/foundry.supelec.fr/frs/download.php/latestfile/6/0.95.0.doc.tar.xz
tar -xJvf $S/https/foundry.supelec.fr/frs/download.php/latestfile/6/0.95.0.tar.xz
cd     ~/usrc/luatex/0.95.0/
./build.sh 2>&1 | tee ob

This should work for installing it on top of a Debian system,

# From: (find-es "luatex" "luatex-0.95.0")

# Save Debian's luatex as /usr/bin/luatex-orig,
# and install luatex-0.95.0 as /usr/bin/luatex.
#
sudo mv -iv /usr/bin/luatex \
            /usr/bin/luatex-orig
sudo rm -v  /usr/bin/luatex
ls -lAF    ~/usrc/luatex/0.95.0/build/texk/web2c/luatex
sudo cp -s ~/usrc/luatex/0.95.0/build/texk/web2c/luatex \
            /usr/bin/luatex

# Generate .fmt files using luatex-0.95.0.
# Note that the new .fmt files will be put here:
# (find-fline "~/.texmf-var/web2c/luatex/")
#
cd ~/usrc/luatex/0.95.0/
fmtutil --byengine luatex    2>&1 | tee ofmtutil

...but it doesn't work, because recent luatexes have fewer primitives (see this) and so they need need newer .ini files... use this to revert back to Debian's luatex:

# Revert: /usr/bin/luatex-orig becomes /usr/bin/luatex.
# (find-fline "/usr/bin/" "luatex-orig")

ls -lAF     /usr/bin/luatex*
sudo rm -v  /usr/bin/luatex
sudo mv -iv /usr/bin/luatex-orig /usr/bin/luatex
fmtutil --byengine luatex   2>&1 | tee /tmp/ofmtutil

# (find-fline   "/tmp/ofmtutil")
# (find-sh "sort /tmp/ofmtutil")
# (find-sh "grep 'fmtutil:' /tmp/ofmtutil")

Links to some of my notes (warning: big mess!):

# (find-es "luatex" "luatex-0.90")
# (find-es "luatex" "luatex-0.95.0")
# (find-es "luatex" "luatex-0.95.0" "./build.sh")
# (find-es "luatex" "luatex-0.95.0-fmtutil-email")
# (find-es "luatex" "luatex-0.95.0-pdfoutput")
# (find-es "luatex" "luatex-from-sid-inis")


4.1. Installing the newer .ini files

(2017apr16)

This script downloads Debian Sid's luatex package and extracts its .ini files and their most obvious dependencies, copying them to ~/usrc/tex-ini-files/:

# From: (find-es "luatex" "luatex-from-sid-inis")

rm -Rv ~/usrc/texlive-base/
mkdir  ~/usrc/texlive-base/
cd     ~/usrc/texlive-base/
ar t $S/http/http.debian.net/debian/pool/main/t/texlive-base/texlive-base_2016.20170123-5_all.deb
ar p $S/http/http.debian.net/debian/pool/main/t/texlive-base/texlive-base_2016.20170123-5_all.deb \
  data.tar.xz | tar -xvJf -

rm -Rv ~/usrc/tex-ini-files/
mkdir  ~/usrc/tex-ini-files/
cd     ~/usrc/tex-ini-files/
cp -v  ~/usrc/texlive-base/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/generic/tex-ini-files/* .
cp -v  ~/usrc/texlive-base/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/generic/unicode-data/* .

# (find-fline "~/usrc/texlive-base/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/generic/tex-ini-files/")
# (find-fline "~/usrc/texlive-base/usr/share/texlive/texmf-dist/tex/generic/unicode-data/")
# (find-fline "~/usrc/tex-ini-files/")

Here is my guess on how to solve the problems above - i.e., how to install a recent luatex on top of Debian.

It MAY BE possible to make a small modification to texmf.cfg (???) to make luatex search for .ini files and their dependencies in ~/usrc/tex-ini-files/ first, before the standard paths that lead to the older .ini files in the Debian installation... if I run fmtutil with that modified texmf.cfg, then it will build the new .fmt files correctly, and put them into ~/.texmf-var/web2c/luatex/.

Update: An alternative is to use the environment variable TEXINPUTS:

# (find-node "(kpathsea)Default expansion")
# http://tug.org/texinfohtml/kpathsea.html#Default-expansion

cd ~/usrc/luatex/0.95.0/
TEXINPUTS=$HOME/usrc/tex-ini-files/: \
  fmtutil --byengine luatex    2>&1 | tee ofmtutil

...now thing almost work: fmtutil generates .fmt files for dviluatex.ini and luatex.ini, but when it tries to process lualatex.ini it aborts with:

This is LuaTeX, Version 0.95.0 (TeX Live 2016)  (INITEX)
 restricted system commands enabled.
(/home/edrx/usrc/tex-ini-files/lualatex.ini
 (...)
! Undefined control sequence.
\bbl@hook@everylanguage ...\luatexluaescapestring 
                                                  {\string #1}') == nil)}\if...